Government papers

Treasury Minute

29 August 1833: set out rules regarding the distribution of the 20,000 grant for education

Orders in Council

10 April 1839: created the Committee of the Privy Council on Education

3 June 1839: approved the Committee of Council on Education's report on the distribution of funds for public education

Minutes of the Committee of Council on Education

24 September 1839: regulations governing the appropriation of grants

25 August and 21 December 1846: appointment of inspectors; teachers' qualifications and pensions; education of pupil teachers and stipendiary monitors; support for Normal Schools

6 August 1851: grants to certificated teachers in training schools

23 July 1852: grants to assistant teachers in elementary schools

2 April 1853: grants for the support of schools

20 August 1853: Queen's Scholars, apprentices and certificated teachers

2 June 1856: admission of Queen's Scholars and annual examination of students in training colleges

4 May 1859: cancelled Section 9 in the Minute of 20 August 1853

Revised Code 1862

Revised Code: Minutes and Regulations of the Committee of the Privy Council on Education

Instructions to HMI: advice on the administration of the Revised Code

Government papers relating to education 1833-1862

Background notes

Historical context

In 1833 the government began making annual grants for new school buildings to the two voluntary bodies - the Church of England's National Society, and the nonconformist British and Foreign School Society.

In 1839 the Committee of the Privy Council on Education - the first government department with specific responsibility for education - was established to oversee these grants. For the first ten years of its existence the Committee's Permanent Secretary was Dr (later Sir) James Kay-Shuttleworth (1804-1877). The Committee was replaced by the Board of Education in 1899.

The best known of the Committee's papers was the Revised Code of 1862, often called 'Lowe's Code' after the Committee's vice-president who devised it. It stipulated that every scholar for whom grants were claimed must be examined according to one of six 'standards' in reading, writing and arithmetic. This was the notorious 'payment-by-results' system.

The papers online

The papers presented here are as reprinted in Reports on Elementary Schools 1852-1882 by Matthew Arnold, edited by FS Marvin and published by HMSO in 1908. Note that the page numbers shown are from the book, not from the original documents.

I have corrected a handful of printing errors and simplified some of the punctuation.

The above notes were prepared by Derek Gillard and uploaded on 30 April 2016.

Treasury Minute 29 August 1833